The majority of pregnant women can carry on regular activities just as they normally do and only undergo small lifestyle changes. The typical pregnant woman needs to avoid certain food items and activities that could cause harm to the developing fetus.
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This article outlines 13 things that women should be aware of while pregnant, and explains how they can be harmful:
When a pregnant woman consumes alcohol, it is absorbed by the placenta and could influence the fetus. Consuming alcohol during pregnancy could result in fetal alcohol disorder which can cause a range of ailments that can lead to some of the following health issues:
- physical anomalies
- intellectual disabilities
- Behavior problems
- poor growth
- developmental delays
- decreased coordination as well as fine motor abilities
Researchers aren’t certain what amount of alcohol, if any is safe to drink during pregnancy, which is why the majority of doctors advise pregnant women to avoid drinking the consumption of alcohol completely.
Certain foods are best eaten
It is typical for women who are pregnant not to eat certain food items during their pregnancy, because of changes in the smell of their body or because they feel sick.
But, there are some foods pregnant women should stay clear of. They are:
- Lunch meats Salads at delis Deli meats and other foods like pre-made chicken salads may be contaminated with the bacterium listeria. Listeria is a type of bacteria that can infect the placenta and could be fatal for the fetus.
- Unwashed fruits and vegetables: Unwashed fruit or vegetables may cause a person to contract listeria. It may also include a parasite known as toxoplasma. This is a risk for pregnant women as well as the fetus.
- Unpasteurized dairy and juice: As with deli meats, dairy products that are not pasteurized and juices may contain bacteria like listeria, which could cause food poisoning.
- Certain soft cheeses: Certain soft cheeses might contain dairy products that are not pasteurized, specifically imported soft cheeses, such as cheeses like brie, feta, or ques Blanco.
- Fish that are high in mercury Swordfish, sharks, and mackerel are among fish with large amounts of mercury. ResearchTrustedSource indicates that exposing the fetus to mercury could cause damage to the brain or cause hearing or vision issues.
- Raw fish and meat: Raw meat and fish, such as raw oysters and sushi could contain salmonella and toxoplasmosis. People who are expecting have a higher likelihood of contracting an illness caused by these pathogens. A foodborne illness can lead to water loss, fever, and intrauterine sepsis which is a blood-borne infection that can cause death for the fetus.
- Eggs that are raw Eggs that are raw can be contaminated with salmonella. People who are pregnant should avoid food items that could contain eggs that are raw like cookies that are not baked or caesar salad dressing that is homemade.
Too much caffeine
Similar to alcohol, caffeine can be absorbed through the placenta, affecting the fetus.
Although the majority of information concerning the relationship between pregnancy and consumption of caffeine is not conclusive studies suggest that it is recommended to limit your intake of caffeine up to the range of 300 milligrams (mg)Trusted Source per day.
Certain experts believe that amounts higher than this could harm the fetus and increase the chance of loss of pregnancy and infertility.
It is recommended that the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) suggests that pregnant women drink no more than 200 of caffeine daily. This is approximately 1.5 cups of coffee each day.
Saunas, hot tubs, and the overheating
While taking a dip in hot tubs may seem like a great method of easing pregnancy discomfort experts suggest avoiding saunas and hot tubs.
ACOG explains that hot tubs can trigger hyperthermia, which is an abnormally high body temperature that can cause congenital abnormalities. It is most likely to occur during the first trimester but can cause problems later during pregnancy too.
Other activities that could make the body temperature get too high are:
- hot yoga or pilates
- the sun for too long
- exposure to extreme temperatures
- vigorous exercise
ACOG also recommends pregnant women stay away from contact sports, such as boxing and football.
Sports that involve contact increase the chance of abruption in the placenta, which is the premature dissociation between the wall of the uterus and the placenta. Placental abruption is a serious problem that can result in premature birth, loss of a pregnancy, or even stillbirth.
Women who are pregnant are more vulnerable to injuries since hormonal changes within the body cause ligaments to loosen.
Risks of falling in activities
Following the first trimester, pregnant women should stay clear of any activity that could pose the possibility of falling. This includes skiing, ice-skating as well as rock climbing.
During pregnancy, your center of gravity changes when the belly expands which means that even a small fall could result in injuries.
A lot of amusement parks don’t allow pregnant women on certain rides, like roller coasters and other rides that might stop or start abruptly.
The jarring action of these rides could result in abruption of the placenta. It could also cause morning sickness more severe by leading to motion sickness.
Change the litter box
Women who are pregnant should not change their litterbox. Cleaning litter boxes with dirt can put people at risk of developing Toxoplasmosis.
As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source If an expectant mother transmits toxoplasmosis in the fetus the baby could develop severe symptoms, such as:
- intellectual disabilities
- brain damage
- eye damage
People who are pregnant must avoid Trusted Source the heavy lifting. Some pregnant women should avoid lifting heavy objects could cause
- muscles are pulled
- insufficient birth weight
- preterm labor
The smoke of cigarettes during pregnancy could cause harm to the woman who is pregnant as well as the baby. Aside from an increased risk of heart disease and lung cancer and smoking cigarettes while pregnant can cause the following issues in the course of pregnancy and afterward:
- premature birth
- congenital abnormalities, for example, the cleft lip and Cleft palate
- sudden infant death syndrome
- problems with the placenta
- Greater risk of the formation of blood clots
Women who are pregnant should stop smoking immediately they discover they are pregnant and stay clear of exposure to second-hand smoke. Someone who struggles to stop smoking cigarettes can speak to medical professionals about help as well as additional resources readily available.
Although illegal use of substances is always risky it could be more dangerous during pregnancy.
Utilizing illegal substances or prescription drugs can lead to the baby experiencing neonatal abstinence disorder (NAS). A baby who has NAS is likely to experience withdrawal before the time of birth.
In addition, the use of alcohol can increase the risk of stillbirths or pregnancy loss as well as congenital anomalies.
Utilizing certain medicines
Women who are pregnant should stay clear of prescription (OTC) as well as prescription medicines since they could cause harm to the baby’s fetus.
Doctors suggest the avoidance of the following drugs:
- Ibuprofen and various other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines ( NSAIDs)
- most herbal remedies
- ACE inhibitors
- Certain cold medications are recommended in the first trimester
- the cold or flu medicines that contain specific ingredients
- Some acne medications for acne
A pharmacist or doctor can offer advice on what medications are safe to use. They can often suggest alternative medications for those who can no longer use their usual medications.
Certain types of exercise
Doctors advise that pregnant women exercise. Pregnant women should talk to a physician to determine if there is any other health problem that could necessitate them to stop exercising.
If doctors give the green signal for a woman to become pregnant, she must aim to do moderate physical activity for a minimum of twenty to thirty minutes each day for all weeks.
Certain exercises are not appropriate during pregnancy, however, can differ from individual to individual. A doctor will provide the most accurate advice on which type of exercise is appropriate for you.
In general, however, women must be careful not to lie on their backs for the first trimester. Also, exercise with care as it may result in them losing the balance they have, falling or slipping and falling.
People who are pregnant may continue with their normal routines as long as they follow certain precautions. If in doubt it is best to speak with a physician about restrictions on activity during pregnancy.
Some women who are pregnant, especially those who are at a greater chance of having preterm labor or other issues, might need to limit other activities that this article does not mention.